Language Subtag Registration Form: variant "signed"

Doug Ewell dewell at
Sun Feb 26 01:07:24 CET 2006


1. Name of requester: Doug Ewell

2. E-mail address of requester: dewell at

3. Record Requested:

   Type: variant
   Subtag: signed
   Description: Signed
   Prefix: af
   Prefix: da
   Prefix: en-GB
   Prefix: en-IE
   Prefix: en-US
   Prefix: fi
   Prefix: fr-BE
   Prefix: fr-CA
   Prefix: fr-FR
   Prefix: ja
   Prefix: nl-BE
   Prefix: nl-NL
   Prefix: no
   Prefix: pt
   Prefix: sv
   Prefix: zh-TW

4. Intended meaning of the subtag:

   Signed version of a spoken or written language.

5. Reference to published description
   of the language (book or article):

   Bornstein, Harry and Karen L. Saulnier.  "Signing. Signed English:
   A Basic Guide."  New York: Gallaudet College, 1984.  ISBN

   Gustason, Gerilee and Esther Zawolkow.  "Signing Exact English."
   Los Alamitos, Calif.: Modern Signs Press, Inc., 1993.  ISBN

6. Any other relevant information:

   Signed spoken languages (also known as "manually coded languages")
   are representations of spoken languages in a gestural-visual form;
   that is, "sign language" versions of spoken languages.  Unlike the
   sign languages that have evolved naturally in Deaf communities, which
   have distinct spatial grammars, signed spoken languages are the
   invention of hearing people, and follow the grammar of the spoken
   language--or, more precisely, of the written form of the spoken
   language.  They have been mainly used in deaf education and by sign
   language interpreters, although they have had some influence on Deaf
   sign languages where their implementation was widespread.

   The 16 prefixes listed on this registration form denote languages
   and regional variations for which signed representations are known.
   It is understood that signed representations may exist for other
   languages.  Additional prefixes may be added for these languages at
   a later date as more information becomes available.  The "signed"
   variant may be used with any prefix, although a validating processor
   may indicate that prefixes other than those listed above are "not
   recommended" or "not suitable."

   For some languages and regional variations, more than one signed
   representation may exist.  When necessary, these should be further
   differentiated using a variant, extension, or private-use subtag.

Doug Ewell
Fullerton, California, USA

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