New variant subtags for Serbian language

Goran Rakic grakic at
Sat Nov 16 02:38:27 CET 2013


1. Name of requester: Goran Rakic

2. E-mail address of requester: grakic at

3. Record Requested:

Type: variant
Subtag: ekavn
Description: Serbian with Ekavian pronunciation
Prefix: sr
Type: variant
Subtag: ijekavn
Description: Serbian with Ijekavian pronunciation
Prefix: sr

4. Intended meaning of the subtag:
The Serbian standard allows two pronunciation variants in some words: the
Ekavian (which has an e in the stem of these words) and Ijekavian (which
has ije, je, or i instead of the e in Ekavian). The pronunciation
difference is directly reflected on the written language.

5. Reference to published description of the language (book or

-- Pesikan M - Pravopis srpskoga jezika: Ekavsko skolsko izdanje - Matica
Srpska, Novi Sad 2006. ISBN 987-86-17-15457-6
(Translated citation) "Particularly the Serbo-Croatian language
expression, or the Serbian language, is based on the duality of the
literary dialects, that is on ekavian and ijekavian pronounciation,..." p.

-- Sipka M - Pravopisni recnik srpskog jezika: sa pravopisno-gramatickim
savetnikom - Prometej, Novi Sad 2012. ISBN 978-86-515-0720-8
(Translated citation) "As reflexes of the Old Slavonic phoneme Yat in the
Serbian standard language there are two pronounciations: Ekavian (eastern)
and Ijekavian (western)." p. 1350

-- Vitas D, et al - An overview of resources and basic tools for the
processing of Serbian written texts - First workshop on Balkan Languages
and Resources. 2003. p. 1-8.
"Moreover, the difference that exist between different variants (Ekavian
and Ijekavian) of the standard language are recorded in written texts. For
instance, the Serbian equivalents of the English words child and girl have
two standard forms of the nominative singulars: dete, devojka (Ekavian)
and dijete, dijevojka (Ijekavian)."
Online copy:

6. Any other relevant information:

Two new language variants are defined as equals and mutually exclusive
with a common language prefix. With spell checking (or other natural
language processing tools) it is important to specify the intended
pronunciation variant of the written text for the tool to give correct
results following this variant.
Names for the new variant subtags are selected to follow the required
length constrains and to look symetrical to each other. The abbreviation
is created by ommiting ending vocales, as in the naming of script tags
(eg. Latin -> Latn).

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